eVOC Project


What are volatile organic compounds?

Volatile Organic Compounds – VOCs

What are volatile organic compounds?

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) encompass a broad group of organic compounds which are volatile already at room temperature. Over 10,000 such compounds are currently known, and most can be recognized by their intensive odour which reveals their presence in the environment.

Why is it important to use volatile organic compounds in contained conditions?

Their high volatility at room temperatures and the fact that they are an integral part of the products used in our homes and workplaces indicate that these compounds are present all around us. Some of them may adversely affect health and the environment. Long-term exposure to high concentrations of individual compounds indoors may cause fatigue, headache, eye and skin irritation, but also respiratory issues. Inadequate use of VOCs can significantly increase their emissions from industrial activities, primarily to air, but also to other environmental media. These compounds react with other pollutants in the air and directly affect the formation of photochemical smog and greenhouse gases. 

Where are volatile organic compounds used?

Volatile organic compounds have a broad application in the production of various objects for everyday use. Most commonly used are acetone, benzene, ethylene glycol, perchloroethylene, toluene and xylene, as well as many other compounds. The widespread use of these compounds is based primarily on their role as organic solvents, in different types of coatings for metal, plastics, wood and leather, in adhesives, cleaning agents, softeners, dispersing agents and preservatives. They can be found in products such as construction materials, paints, lacquers, adhesives, furniture and wood products, rubber products and footwear.